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Diabetes is a chronic health condition
Diabetes is a disorder in which the body cannot make proper use of carbohydrate in food because the pancreas does not make enough insulin, or the insulin produced is ineffective, or a combination of both.
Glucose comes from the digestion of carbohydrates in food. Insulin is the hormone responsible for helping glucose move into the body’s cells where it is used for energy. Glucose is also stored in the liver ready for use, but if carbohydrate is overeaten then it is stored as fat. When insulin is not present or is ineffective, glucose builds up in the blood. Higher levels of glucose in the blood may lead to health problems such as diabetes.
If undiagnosed (which can occur in type 2 diabetes) or it is difficult to achieve target ranges, it can cause heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, amputation and erectile dysfunction.
Diabetes is Australia’s fastest growing chronic disease, with approximately 280 people across the nation developing the condition every day.
In Western Australia alone, there are more than 114,000 people now diagnosed with diabetes and for every person diagnosed, it is estimated that there is another person who is not diagnosed.
Much research is being done world wide to discover the cures for diabetes. For the latest report from Diabetes Australia click here.
What are the signs and symptoms of diabetes?
Often in type 2 diabetes signs and symptoms may not be present.
How is diabetes managed?
Depending on the type of diabetes, management includes:
What are the aims of treatment?
In a nutshell, the aim of diabetes treatment is to help you feel well, be healthy and enjoy life.
Medically, diabetes treatment aims to keep blood glucose levels in target range most of the time - target ranges need to be discussed with your diabetes team as to what is suitable for you. Together with control of cholesterol (blood fat) and blood pressure, this will help prevent the long-term complications which can affect the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart and circulation.
Diabetes is too serious to ignore. Take our online tick test now and assess your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Find out more
Download our current NDSS Access Point lists to find one in your area.
We have a range of services to help people to understand their diabetes and live well with the condition.
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