Findings from research that spanned two decades have suggested that handgrip strength may be able to help predict a person’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Scientists from Bristol and Eastern Finland studied the handgrip muscular strength of 776 men and women aged between 60 and 72 years old without a history of diabetes over a period of 20 years.
During this time, they found that the risk of developing type 2 diabetes was slashed by half when handgrip strength was increased, particularly among women. Handgrip strength was measured in increments using a hand dynamometer
Previously, there has been inconsistent evidence that demonstrates a link between handgrip muscular strength and the risk of type 2 diabetes.
But the new findings, which were recently published in the Annals of Medicine journal, showed that, in a population comprising predominantly older Caucasians, there is an inverse association between handgrip strength and the risk of type 2 diabetes.
While further studies are needed to assess other age groups and population, this could be a simple and cost-effective way for healthcare professionals to identify patients who are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Further findings may also strengthen the importance of strength training to reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Source: Annals of Medicine