Researchers from Slovenia recently published results from a study of adolescents diagnosed with type 1 diabetes (T1D) examining whether Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) had any effect on metabolic control.
Outcomes from the study showed that teens with T1D and ADHD had higher HbA1c compared to those without ADHD.
Metabolic management, which is measured by glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), is essential to reduce the risk of diabetic and chronic complications.
Of the 101 adolescent participants (aged 11-17 years old), 12% were also diagnosed with ADHD.
Researchers observed a statistically significant difference in HbA1c levels between the two groups – with higher HbA1c among adolescents who were diagnosed with T1D and ADHD. These findings suggest adolescents with T1D and ADHD may experience greater difficulty managing blood glucose and in glycaemic control, possibly due to the symptoms and characteristics of ADHD. If not corrected and improved, these higher levels may lead to the development of diabetes-related complications.
Early screening and diagnosis of ADHD in adolescents with T1D could enable early intervention and treatment of those who are at risk of experiencing difficulty in managing blood glucose levels.