Monitoring blood glucose

Manage your diabetes

Maintaining healthy blood glucose

Maintaining a healthy blood glucose level can help you live well with diabetes

A person who does not have diabetes is likely to have a blood glucose level between 4mmol/L and 7.8mmol/L.

If you are living with diabetes the recommended targets are close to this range, depending on the type of diabetes you have.

Your target range may vary depending factors including your age, how long you have had diabetes, the type of medication you are taking, and whether you have any other health conditions. It is recommended that you discuss your individual targets with your healthcare team.

Below are the recommended targets:


Blood glucose targets

Fasting /
Before meals
Two hours after starting meals
Type 1 Diabetes 4–8mmol/L <10mmol/L
Type 2 Diabetes 4–7mmol/L 5–10mmol/L


How can I keep my blood glucose level in my target range?

Healthy eating, maintaining a healthy weight, being physically active, looking after your mental health and possibly medication will all help you to manage your blood glucose level. For more information visit the live well section of our website or attend on of our group programs.

What if my blood glucose levels are outside my target range?

There are several common factors that can increase or decrease your blood glucose levels. If your blood glucose levels are outside your target range you could consider the following:

  • the food you eat, especially the amount and type of carbohydrates
  • your level of physical activity
  • illness or pain
  • emotional stress
  • your alcohol consumption
  • medication for diabetes and another health condition
  • Your blood glucose monitoring technique. Have a look at our blood glucose monitoring checklist.

If you are finding it hard to manage your blood glucose levels it is recommended you seek advice from your doctor or healthcare team. You could also call our helpline on 1300 001 880 or email us at [email protected].

Find out more about MonitorSmart, a 2-hour program about monitoring blood glucose level for people living with type 2 diabetes.

Maintaining a healthy blood glucose 1

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