Monitoring blood glucose

Manage your diabetes

What is blood glucose?

Blood glucose, sometimes referred to as blood sugar, literally refers to the amount of glucose in your blood. This glucose comes from whatever you eat and drink plus the stores of glucose that sit within your liver and muscles.

In people without diabetes, blood glucose levels (BGLs) tend to stay relatively stable as the body is able to produce insulin to regulate them.

When it comes to people with diabetes, BGLs fluctuate far more widely. People with diabetes are susceptible to both hyperglycaemia (very high BGL) and hypoglycaemia (very low BGL).

If you do not manage your BGLs through either lifestyle, medication or both, the amount of glucose in your blood will build up and eventually damage your blood vessels. This, in turn, can lead to serious complications, such as heart disease or kidney disease.

Please note, monitoring your BGLs is not the same as a glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) test, which needs to be arranged regularly through your doctor.

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