What is blood glucose? - Diabetes WA

Blood Glucose Monitoring

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What is blood glucose?

Blood glucose, also referred to as blood sugar, is the amount of glucose in your blood. This glucose comes from what you eat and drink and the body also releases stored glucose from your liver and muscles.

A blood glucose monitor is a tool you can use to monitor and assess your blood glucose levels as part of your diabetes management. Diabetes management is all about aiming to maintain a balance between the food you eat, how active you are and the medication you take for your condition.

In people without diabetes, blood glucose levels (BGLs)  stay relatively stable as the body maintains a normal range. In people with diabetes, BGLs can fluctuate outside of the healthy ranges resulting in hyperglycaemia (high BGL) and hypoglycaemia (low BGL).

If BGLs aren’t managed through either lifestyle, medication or both, the amount of glucose in the blood will build up and increase the risk of diabetes-related complications, such as heart disease and kidney disease.

Blood glucose levels can be monitored in several ways. Your doctor can arrange a glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) test and you can also self-monitor your blood glucose.

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